tiger ii tank
https://www.patreon.com/tankartfund Original Henschel drawings for the Tiger II turrets with the original curve-fronted Krupp VK45.02(P2) turret (top) and the flat-faced Serien turm (bottom). Armor scheme for the Tiger II. Often a breakdown was the result of the failure of a single component like a final drive, yet with little time to recover a vehicle to a secure locale to fix it, the entire tank would be lost. A second extemporised unit which used the Tiger II was Panzergruppe Paderborn. The Panzerbefehlswagen Tiger Ausf.B Sd.Kfz.267 was equipped with the same FuG 5 as the other Tiger Ausf.B’s, but also with a FuG 8 (30 watt) transceiver with a range of up to 25 km for voice transmissions by virtue of the 9-meter high Sternantenne D (star antenna D) which was mounted on a protected antenna base at the back of the hull. Here, with tanks from 3rd Company the unit engaged in one of the few recorded instances of anti-infantry shelling, where they fired on Soviet infantry moving from Dolgelin to Heinersdorf about 3,500 m away from them. Source: Panzerwrecks. Source: Jentz and Doyle During this time, it received an inaccurate paint job, including some incorrect Balkenkreuz on the turret. In terms of the triad of metrics for tanks—firepower, armor and mobility—the Tiger II was quite impressive. Despite Krupp’s request to repair these, they were simply ordered to fill the cracks with weld, reheat the turrets, and then send them for firing trials. Adding together hull production for Krupp, D.H.H.V. A Tiger II “Königstiger” of the schwere Panzer-Abteilung 503 in Budapest. Ministry for Armaments and War Production 6 with Krupp’s plant in Essen, although there were still discussions and plans regarding modifications. Yet, despite the complaints about the quality, the tests with the 85 mm gun from a T-34-85 firing the D-5 and S-53 armor-piercing projectiles “failed to penetrate the tank’s front hull plates or cause any structural damage at distances of 300 meters”. Credits and thanks to: Imperial War Museum, Bundesarchiv and ArchiveNormandie. At 2300 hours, with the attack completed, the crews blew up their tanks. The whole purpose of the initial project as VK45.02(P2) was to mount the formidable and readily available 8.8cm Kw.K. On 3rd March, another disaster struck the unit when the train with some of their damaged tanks onboard derailed. Fgst. A tank that functions well in one setting might prove a failure in another. Source: Schneider The initial Krupp design was modified by orders from Wa. Nr. This vehicle was abandoned on 29th August west of Magny-en-Vexin. Following the end of the war, Swedish military authorities, eager to get their hands on some examples of German tanks for examination, sent a team to mainland Europe. When engaging enemy vehicles at long range, the Tiger II had an upper hand over any other vehicle in terms of the gun and armor protection. Source: Schneider Tiger II tankının şassisindən Jagdtiger adlı tank qatilinin istehsalında istifadə edilmişdir . The first demonstration of the Tiger II with this new gun took place on 20th October 1943 in the presence of Hitler, comparing this new Tiger to the Tiger I. M113 APC in Irish Service (Congo Crisis, 1960 – 65), Armored Utility Vehicle T13 and Cargo Carrier T33. Partially completed Serien-Turm turrets at the Henschel factory March 1945. The attack was successful with 36 enemy anti-tank guns destroyed but all but 3 of the German tanks were damaged. They also have sloped armour, which may bounce some of your shells if you aim poorly. In June of 1944, it changed again to 1st Panzer-Lehr and sent to Reims to join Panzer Abteilung 302. Paypal.me/tankartfund. Despite its best efforts, there was no stopping the Soviet advance and the constant combat and withdrawal had depleted the battalion. This small unit conducted various skirmish actions between Braunlage and Elend on 8th April but was formally disbanded on 17th April. Tiger II being used for recovery training in Switzerland, 1956. The glacis on VK45.03(H) was just 100 mm thick in the drawings dated 25th November 1942, matching the turret front designed by Krupp, but the hull design was far from finished. Source: Jentz and Doyle The remaining elements of 1st Company met with more success with an attack in the area of Regentin on 31st January, although several tanks were badly damaged by Soviet anti-tank gunfire, with one vehicle counting no less than 22 separate hits on its armor. This vehicle was found after the war at the Henschel testing grounds having served as a test vehicle and not having seen any combat. The construction of Tiger II tank was in many aspects similar to the Panther tank construction. Would Germany have been better off with a greater number of lighter tanks, especially the heavier Panther? II. This standardization work meant that the Tiger Ausf.B was to use the Maybach HL 230 TRM P30. On 9th February, this half-company was sent to Senne to collect more tanks and the delivery of 13 Tiger IIs followed up until 3rd March. Taking place on 18th January with attacks on the high ground south of the town of Jeno across a cleared minefield, the attack ground to a halt when the Soviets blew up the bridges. 150110 The Tank Museum, Bovington, UK Built in October 1944, and serving with s.SS.Pz.Abt. By 1st January, the unit was up to 34 operational Tiger IIs out of 36 and, through the second half of the month, moved through to take up positions at Gross Jagersdorf attached to XXXVI Armee-Korps (36th Army Corps). Several vehicles were lost during these weeks of withdrawal due to mechanical failure or lack of fuel and were blown up, leaving just 14 Tiger IIs across 1st and 2nd Companies. Tiger 2 of the s.Pz.Abt.506, Seelöwe heights, Germany, 1945. All of the turrets for the vehicles were the result of work by Krupp as the sole designer, including VK45.02(H), VK45.02(P), and VK45.03(H). Nazi Germany's Tiger is arguably the most famous tank of World War II. Without those, the unit would not be able to recover broken down or crippled tanks as easily. Currently (as of 2019), it is the only Tiger II which is still running. Heavy tanks like the King Tiger proved a dead end. Combined Intelligence Sub-Committee. B, often shortened to Tiger B.; the ordnance inventory designation was SdKfz 182; it is also known under the informal name Konigstiger, often translated as King Tiger or Royal Tiger by allied soldiers) The remaining 5 tanks (one had been blown up on 5th April when it broke down) were abandoned. Divided into three companies of 14 Tiger IIs each (42 Tiger IIs), the remaining 3 Tiger IIs were allocated to battalion headquarters. starting in October for Operation Sonnenblume (Sunflower). I enjoyed this article,I found it to be very informative but I’m wondering are there any plans to mention the improvements that were planned for the Tiger II such as the rangerfinder that were curtailed by the end of the war? There, at Alsdorf, 3 Tiger IIs were knocked out by tank destroyers from the US 743rd Tank Destroyer Battalion, putting a temporary halt on offensive operations in the area. In its appearcance the tank was much different from edgy and “boxy” Tiger I ausf E. It looked like Panther tank. The very first Krupp VK45.02(P2) Turm (Versuchsturm) on a factory rail-cart at the Krupp works. What started as an improvement upon the Tiger I simply generated even more problems in solving some of the earlier ones and, in the case of the final drives, exacerbated them. Createspace. L/71 gun in a heavily armored tank. Tankomaster #6 (1999) via english.battelfield.ru 43 L/71 along with a single M.G.34 mounted to the right of the main gun, in the front of the turret. Motorbuch Verlag, Germany Nor could the Soviet 76 mm ZIS-3 or F-34 guns penetrate even the side turret or hull armor of the tank. The Tiger II, therefore, was not the product of a rush like the Tiger I, but a concerted effort to design a bigger and better tank capable of meeting the needs of the German Army in the short- to medium-term future. This photo shows the method of attaching the side plates to the glacis, where the internal explosion has broken the welds, and the interlocking method used in the hull construction. This unit had been formed by April 1945 with a nominal strength of 18 Tiger Is and 9 Tiger IIs (including one with the early Krupp VK45.02(P2) turret). There, the battalion lost 3 Tiger IIs to enemy fire and claimed the destruction of 16 Soviet tanks (8 T-34-85s and 8 IS-2s) but the effectiveness of the unit was over as a result. Note the front right drive sprocket is off and the position of the tracks would indicate both final drives are undergoing repair as well. Up to the end of the war, the allies had not introduce any effective means to counter the threat. These problems continued through the Summer of 1944 and into autumn, until Henschel managed to resolve production and technical problems. and Skoda was significant. 505 was significantly depleted by combat on the Eastern Front in the summer of 1944 and was moved back to Germany for reorganization. However, its usefulness was certainly increased by the fact it had a telescopic sight and could thus be accurately aimed. With the Serien-Turm, the Tiger II could carry a total of 84 rounds – 6 more than the VK45.02(P2) turret. The Tiger 2 (H) was the 70-ton German heavy tank developed by Henschel in 1942 and was intended as the direct successor to the Tiger I heavy tank. They assembled the Tiger II parts supplied from a variety of contractors and the primary elements of the tank, the armored hulls and turrets, were supplied to them for fitting. Further bombing raids at the end of October and December and another on New Years’ Day 1945 further disrupted production. The driver and radio operator in the hull survived. Tiger I & Tiger II Tanks by Dennis Oliver, 9781526771636, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. In April 1942, this firm had already been working on the VK45.01(H) armed with the 8.8 cm Kw.K. 506’s Tiger IIs which, despite receiving numerous ineffectual hits, was eventually put out of action by a round penetrating the engine compartment when the tank was turned away from the American vehicles. Support me on my Patreon patreon.com/Panzerpicture Store: https://teespring.com/stores/panzerpicture-2 Information obtained from several sites. n/k Kubinka Tank Museum, Russia (Panzerbefehlswagen) 501 and was captured by the Soviet 53rd Guards Tank Brigade in mid-August 1944 at Ogledow. which had the most significant impact on the Tiger Ausf.B. It would receive its more well-known title of Tiger II Tank on March 16, 1943. One was a “friendly-fire” incident where a Tiger II accidental fired a shell into the engine compartment of another vehicle setting it ablaze. This second antenna distinguishes the Panzerbefehlswagen Tiger Ausf.B from other Tiger Ausf.Bs, as they only have a single 2-meter high antenna for the FuG 5 mounted on the rear right-hand side of the turret roof behind the loader’s hatch. But Hitler's generals and weapons designers were not satisfied. On 6th January 1945, half of 1st Company collected 6 Tiger IIs from the Senne training area, whilst the other half moved to Schloß Holte to train on the single Tiger II there. Excellent article. The grenade exploded in a zone between 0.5 and 2 meters from the ground with a fragment radius of up to 100 m, lethal to nearby troops. That seventh tank was reused by German forces for a short period before being dumped in the harbor, but the reason for using it was obvious. King Tiger of the Schwere Pz.Abt.506, Germany, March-April 1945. Starting on 26th May 1941, with Hitler’s demand for an armor-piercing shell for the 8.8 cm gun capable of defeating 100 mm of armor plate at 1,500 m, design work began on fulfilling the demand. Several of the Tiger IIs were crippled by this fire and two, which could not be recovered, were blown up. King Tiger, unknown unit, ambush camouflage pattern, Germany, April 1945. „Söhne“ means sons, not „Sonne“ which means sun. The prominent bulge in the left-hand turret side was eliminated on the Serien-Turm. The Tiger II, based on the experience with the Russian T-34 tank, used angled armor, which greatly improved the effectiveness of the protection, just like the Panzer V Panther was designed before. Once more, though, the combat was dominated by tanks being crippled by accurate anti-tank gunfire breaking tracks and drive sprockets. As well as the company HQ and platoon commander version of the Tiger II, there was also a command version of the tank as well. Production seriously obstructed by three severe attacks in September 1944 and three further attacks causing a long-term stoppage of power” Chamberlain, P., Ellis, C. (1972). An experienced gunner, able to estimate the range properly, had one more advantage – it was VERY accurate. Those Tiger Is did not last long and, by 15th March, none of them were still operational, although 12 of the unit’s 13 Tiger IIs were operable. Both of the hull crewmembers were provided with their own hatches directly above them but only the loader and commander had a hatch in the turret. With the severely deteriorating war situation, desperate measures were initiated with an emergency production order (Panzer Notprogramm) placed on 1st February 1945. But on the attack, advancing down narrow, icy roads as the Tiger II did during the Battle of the Bulge, big, heavy fuel-guzzling tanks could be a liability. The battalion left the battle with just 3 of its 23 tanks operational and had effectively got no rest from the almost daily combat from the end of October 1944 until 12th January 1945, when it was finally relocated to Magyaralmás for maintenance. The result was that US troops knocked out 4 Tigers with the use of phosphorus grenades, leaving just two tanks in the battalion. This turret, designed for the VK45.02(P2) (aka Typ-180) by Porsche, was approved by Wa. By the end of March 1945, the unit had achieved very little except for continually being stuck in the mud or immobilized by accurate Soviet fire and were down to just 13 operational tanks. 503. Source: fprado design. looking into the use of a Doble-type steam engine being developed by Henschel for the Panther and Tiger II reported that there was a plan to create an ARV based on the hull of the ‘Tiger Model B’ (Tiger II) with that engine. This unit was formed at the start of February 1945 using vehicles from the Armor Experimentation and Instructional Group at Kummersdorf and its strength included 4 Tiger IIs. Nibelungenwerke was a logical choice to support production, as it was already responsible for Jagdtiger production on the Tiger II chassis, but even so, no actual Tiger II production ever took place at that plant. The offensive had been an unmitigated failure of poor planning, inadequate coordination, and incompetent execution but, thankfully for s.SS.Pz.Abt 502, the Soviets do not seem to have capitalized on this dysfunction and allowed the unit to withdraw back to Diedersdorf-Liezen for resupply. Their unit diary claims more than 1,700 enemy tanks and 2,000 guns destroyed by the end of the war, more than any other Tiger battalion. Given the current American preference for expensive weapons like aircraft carriers and F-35 fighters, this question still resonates. By 15th January, just 5 of the battalion’s 23 remaining tanks were operational. The losses were all due to the ammunition in the turret catching fire following a hit on the side of the turret. Fgst. In August 1944, this tank had fallen into a shell crater and became stuck. The commander, sat in the rear-left of the turret, controlled the overall direction and engagement of the vehicle, with the gunner sat to his front, alongside the main gun. 506 was attached to the 6th Panzer Army and, on 18th December, a group of 5 Tiger IIs from this unit attacked along the Lentzweiler road towards Lullingerkamp. The Hochleistungsmotor (HL) series of engines from Maybach were their high-performance motors designed specifically for use in tanks (P – ‘Panzermotor’) featuring dry-sump lubricant with impulse magneto (Trockensumpfschmierung mit Schnappermagne – TRM). With its thick armor and devastating 88-millimeter gun, the Mark VI—or Tiger … They remarked on a reduction in the quality of the armor (lower malleability compared to the Tiger I and Panther), which produced a lot of spalling and cracking, compounded by weak welds at the joints. For all of its size, the Tiger II simply fails to impress as a tank in a strategic war where numbers and quality trumped what can be thought of as an overweight and unreliable Panther consuming an undue amount of an ever-dwindling stockpile of resources. Further air attacks Traisen Valley and recaptured the town of Kaplitz in Danzig, April-May 1945 National and! Thun, Switzerland Fgst Explosive round was designed to protect the vehicle 's included! Back up to 10 meters and operated on a design mounting the 8.8 cm Kw.K.43 L/71 gun sometime 1943. From s.SS.Pz.Abt 101I-721-0359-35 / Vennemann, Wolfgang / CC-BY-SA 3.0 these fanciful projections were little more 900! 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