periyar biography in tamil

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[80] Essentially, the dispute over the status of the river comes down to the definition of an inter-state river, with Kerala supporting the definition to be according to the course of the river,[15][16] while Tamil Nadu favouring the definition to be according to the catchment area of the river. [22], A poorly defined ridge that runs from near Chakkupallam (north of Kumily) on the border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu extending southwest to near Vallakkadavu segregates the upper reaches of Periyar from the rest of the Cardamom Hills. [68][69] Constructed during the lifetime of Muhammad, the bodies of some of his original followers are said to be buried there. The river originates from the high hills of the Western Ghats and the influence of tectonism can be evidenced from the stream pattern and presence of structural valleys. The revolution that old man gave to Tamil Nadu was not an ordinary one. The largest is within the Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary. It lies between latitudes 9°15’30"N and 10°21’00"N and longitudes 76°08’38"E and 77°24’32"E. The river drains parts of Idukki, Ernakulam and Thrissur districts in Kerala[43] and Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu. [36] This area is drained by the tributary Nirar, which is diverted to Tamil Nadu as a part of inter-state Parambikulam-Aliyar Project (PAP) agreement. [44] The basin has an inverted "L" shape with a maximum width at the intersection. It is joined by its major tributary, the Idamalayar, 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) upstream of the Bhoothathankettu barrage. E.V. [43] Coming out of the hills, the Periyar flows west and its basin occupies the northern part of Ernakulam district, covering the region from Neriamangalam through Aluva[39] to Varapuzha and Munambam. [22] Here, east of the river channel, the undulating plateau rises up to the watershed line of the Western Ghats. [4], The upper part of the Periyar basin extends across the Cardamom Hills. Periyar could visualise an enemy for the Tamil people, and it may not be dissimilar from the way the Sangh Parivar has attempted to imagine an enemy for the Hindus. The eastern edge of the High Range plateau runs north from Kolukkumala, at the junction of the High Range Plateau with the Cardamom Hills, and continues onto the Top Station along the border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu. E V Ramasamy (1879-1973), popularly known as EVR, is hailed as ‘Periyar’ by his followers. Periyar has widespread influence on the state of Tamil Nadu- a state where the Dravidian movement was started and strengthened by Periyar. Visionary, rationalist, atheist, activist, social reformer, writer, doyen of Tamil politics, Father of the Dravidian Movement—E.V. Intertwined with this, there is a dispute as to whether the Periyar should be classified as an inter-state river or not. He later came to be known as "Periyar" meaning 'respected one' or 'elder' in the Tamil. This typeface is supported in multiple operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, 10 and also Linux and MacOS. The state of Kerala has asserted during the hearings on the Mullaperiyar issue in the Supreme Court of India that the Periyar originates in Kerala, flows entirely through Kerala and joins the sea in the Kerala. Apart from this, the reserve also contains an estimated 323 species of birds, 38 species of fish and 44 species of reptiles. [9][47][48] Within this section there are a series of deep west-sloping valleys where the valley floors are often at elevations less than 300 metres (980 ft). From Tamil history, Periyar is a prominent social and political reformer. Studies have pointed out that the quantity of sand being mined from the Periyar is at least 30 times the actual quantity that can be taken out without causing damage to the river’s environmental system. comment. [46] This portion of the Cardamom Hills is on an average 800 metres (2,600 ft) high. He was very wealthy. Rāmacāmi [ˈraːməsaːmi]; * 17. [5] The Periyar is of utmost significance to the economy of Kerala. ‪Periyar ‬‬Biography tamil news - Get latest and breaking tamil news about ‪Periyar ‬‬Biography, updated and published at Zee News Tamil. This entire stretch contains about 600 to 700 square kilometres (230 to 270 sq mi) of undisturbed wet evergreen forests typical of the Western Ghats. Going downstream, it defines a part of the border between Periyar section[29] of the reserve in the east and Sundaramala section[30] in the west and then the borders between Moolavaigai[31] and Thannikudy[32] sections in the east and Ummikuppan,[33] Mlappara[34] and Aruvioda[35] sections in the west before reaching the Periyar Lake. The dam also permits storage of water for the dry summer period when many other reservoirs in the area are low. (Annadurai seems to be idolized more than Periyar). In light of the recent event of actor Rajinikanth refusing to apologize for his comments on E. V. Ramasamy (‘ How to Revive the Phule-Ambedkar-Periyar Movement in South India. [51], There are other hydro-electric generation facilities on the river at Pallivasal, Chenkulam, Panniyar, Neriyamangalam and Lower Periyar. [59], The Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) is also one of the most ecologically diverse regions in India. Periyar was no armchair revolutionary. Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. He fought for the rights of lower cast people, an militant atheist who said, a god who created few people in high cast and many people in low cast can't exist. In the north, these hills extend up to the high Munnar saddle running east to Chokkanad Mala and further on to Kolukkumala on the eastern edge of the Ghats. Periyar River, river in southern Kerala state, southwestern India.Periyar is also the name given to a lake in the river’s course. [79][80], The Supreme Court of India, in its verdict on 7 May 2014, stated that although the Periyar rises in and traverses only in the territory of Kerala before entering into Arabian sea, no part of the land in Tamil Nadu abuts river Periyar and that Tamil Nadu is not a riparian state of the Periyar river, the fact that a small part of the Periyar river basin lies in Tamil Nadu is enough to make the river interstate in nature. The Idamala and Pooyamkutty rivers drain most of this section while its southern edge drains into the main Periyar. 1944: The name of the Justice Party is changed to Dravidar Kazhagam. The Panniyar joins the Muthirapuzha, which drains the High Range Plateau section of the Periyar Basin in the north. Ramasamy, a.k.a. Both intensely admired and hated, he fought, among other things, for abolishing the caste system and the emancipation of women. Kumarrao (talk) 06:46, 21 June 2009 (UTC) Please provide a reference for the above statement, else it will have to be removed. The High Range portion is essentially the south and west draining slopes of the main Anamalai ridge with the Cardamom Hills located to its south. These are mostly crowded within a stretch of 5 kilometres (3 mi) in the Eloor-Edayar region (Udhyogamandal), about 10 kilometres (6 mi) north of Kochi harbor. These dams help divert water from the Nirar tributary of Periyar to the adjacent Sholayar basin. Many parts of the area are directly connected to the backwaters with a network of canals. This section of western slope of the Western Ghats is deeply dissected and has geographical as well as ecological characteristics found nowhere in the Western Ghats. From its source near Chokkampatti Mala initially Periyar flows north between these two heavily forested ridges. This population is genetically more diverse and distinct from the much larger elephant population further north in the Ghats. Although these facts have been admitted by Tamil Nadu,[15][16][78] it counters that the Periyar should be considered an inter-state river since a part of the catchment of the river lies in Tamil Nadu. Nirar and Anamalayar, tributaries of Periyar are covered under this agreement. Periyar is one of the important makers of modern India. Visionary, rationalist, atheist, activist, social reformer, writer, doyen of Tamil politics, Father of the Dravidian Movement—E.V. [61], Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, one of the important bird sanctuaries of India, is an evergreen low-land forest located between the branches of Periyar River. PRESIDENT OF TAMIL NADU CONGRESS. Periyar is a 2007 Tamil biographical film, made about the life of the social reformer and rationalist Periyar E. V. Ramasamy with Sathyaraj who himself is a rationalist in the lead role. A children's biography of Periyar EV Ramasami. [28] After flowing 48 kilometres (30 mi) from its origin and on reaching Mount Plateau at its eastern end, it is joined by the west-flowing Mullayar—an important tributary—at Mullakudy. A spur ridge starting from the main Anamalai ridge, going south immediately to the west of Munnar and continuing on to Parvathi Mala forms the western boundary of the High Range Plateau. Ramasamy, a.k.a. [4][10], The Periyar basin spreads over an area of 5,398 square kilometres (2,084 sq mi), most of it in central Kerala. Known as: Periyar E.V.R./Thanthai Periyar. [23], There is an alternate claim for a Tamil Nadu origin according to a report by M L Joseph, indicating that the Periyar originates in the Sivagiri peaks of Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu. Periyar is also the name given to a lake in the river’s course. Out of the estimated 3,800 species of angiosperms of Kerala, 1,966 have been reported from within the reserve. This topographically complex segment of the Western Ghats extends from near Neriamangalam in the southwest to Panamkutty in the southeast along the Periyar River and continues north up to the watershed divide between the Periyar and the Chalakudy Basins. [76] The Aluva Environmental Protection Forum[77] started by Sitaraman and others have played a pivotal role in the prevention of illegal sand mining and water pollution in the lower reaches of the river. Unbiased and easy to read biography on one of Tamil Nadu's formative leaders. It is less than 20 kilometres (12 mi) wide and is about 40 kilometres (25 mi) long. EV Ramasamy was born on 17 September 1879 in Erode the then part of Madras Presidency. All the northern slopes of the main Anamalai ridge falling within Kerala drain into Idamalayar and Pooyamkutty Ar, both tributaries of Periyar. Visionary, rationalist, atheist, activist, social reformer, writer, doyen of Tamil politics, Father of the Dravidian Movement—E.V. [39][40] After receiving the waters of the Idamalayar river, the Periyar flows west along the midlands of Ernakulam district. [41], At Aluva, the river bifurcates into the Marthandavarma and the Mangalapuzha branches. Its eastern boundary is a northwest to southeast ridge separating the Idukki reservoir from the Kallar/Perinjankutty tributary of Periyar which drains the main Cardamom Hills. Its generators have a power output of 780 MW (6 × 130), and generate electricity through the underground facility at Moolamattam, built by an India-Canada joint venture. He did notable work against Brahminical dominance and gender and caste inequality in Tamil Nadu.E.V. Manohar: New Delhi. This section drains into the Periyar through the Perinjankutty Ar and the drainage channel is essentially from south-east to north-west. Periyar is one of the six major rivers flowing into the Vembanad lake. Let's take a look into … If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Ramasamy | Jeyaraman, Bala | ISBN: 9788129137869 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. [22] This section of the basin is divided into three parts. The scheme consists of the Periyar Barrage at Bhoothathankettu with a catchment area of 3,048 square kilometres (1,177 sq mi) along with a network of canals.[53]. Date of Birth: 17th September 1879. The Church has a life-size statue of St. Thomas and the imprint of the feet of the Apostle on a rock. Another inter-basin transfer from the Periyar to the Muvattupuzha river due to the Idukki project has further adversely affected the downstream flow in the Periyar river. This movie was partly funded … I would have loved to read a book with better writing and story telling, however this remains one of the few books available to an english audience wanting to know more about Periyar's legacy. [13][14] This has also been admitted by the state of Tamil Nadu in the court. சிறந்த விடுதலைப் போராட்ட வீரரான நேதாஜி சுபாஷ் சந்திர போஸ் அவர்களின் வாழ்க்கை வரலாறு (Biography) மற்றும் சிறப்பு கட்டுரை. The general gradient is towards the west here. Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. Abdullah Periyar Dasan. The valley floor is at an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the ridges on either side often reach 1,800 metres (5,900 ft). While it met the demand for water on one hand, it led to the deterioration of water quality downstream of the river. But during Vijaynagara Empire's rule in Tamil Nadu many Telugu speaking people cane into Tamil Nadu (some a century before that), of which some migrated from the present day Karnataka region. [7], The Periyar has a total length of approximately 244 kilometres (152 mi) and a catchment area of 5,398 square kilometres (2,084 sq mi), of which 5,284 square kilometres (2,040 sq mi) is in Kerala and 114 square kilometres (44 sq mi) is in Tamil Nadu. The river, 140 miles (225 km) long, rises in the Western Ghats range near the border with Tamil Nadu state and flows north a short distance to Periyar Lake. Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. [24][25][26] However, the Supreme Court of India in its judgement on the Mullaperiyar issue in 2014, made it clear that Tamil Nadu is not a riparian state of the river Periyar.[27]. [37], The main Periyar below the Idukki reservoir flows due north parallel to the western edge of the Idukki plateau and is joined by the Perinjakutty from the east and Muthirapuzha from the north. E.V. Periyar is one of the important makers of modern India. Mining of sands from these areas impose severe environmental problems to the river basin environment.[75]. The speeches harkened back to an ancient Tamil glory, similar to Hitler's revival of ancient Germanic culture are not abcked by citations or Evidence 5:Further some blanked His Childhood and Education Harlowraman. https://www.veethi.com/india-people/periyar_e._v._ramasamy-profile-13-30.htm [70] Unlike other mosques in the region that face westwards this mosque faces east. Noté /5. This portion of the Periyar basin is drier than all other west sloping parts of the Western Ghats. On the other hand, the landscape has also witnessed a variety of developmental activities including commercial plantations, hydroelectric and irrigation projects and other forms of infrastructural development that impede the movement of elephants. He said that many times. The emancipation of women and the self-respect movement were the major issues he fought for. Actively voicing against the exploitation of the Dalits, of the women; he was nothing short of a radical feminist to the core.. Periyar was one of the few leaders of that era, who made sure that women were active participants in politics and stepped out into the streets. [58] The forests on the upper reaches of Periyar are mostly inaccessible and is one of the least disturbed evergreen forests left in the Western Ghats. He had one elder brother named Krishnaswamy and two sisters named Kannamma and Ponnuthoy. In its early course, the river flows in a narrow north sloping valley starting from the Chokkampatti hills and extending north about 25 kilometres (16 mi), with a number of sharp lateral ridges running down to it from east and west. The average drainage density of the basin is 2.46 km/ km2 with a total number of first order streams of 15,773. Ram, Dadasaheb Kanshi, (2001). He laid the foundation of many ideologies in modern Tamil politics. The Mangalapuzha branch joins Chalakudy River and empties into the Lakshadweep Sea at Munambam, and the Marthandavarma branch flows southwards, again dividing into two near Kunjunnikkara island, going through the Udhyogamandal area and finally draining into the Cochin backwater system (part of Vembanad Lake) at Varappuzha. He opposed the exploitation and marginalisation of the non-Brahmin indigenous Dravidian peoples of South India and the imposition of, what he considered, Indo-Aryan India. There are several places of religious significance along the banks of the Periyar. [50], The Idukki Dam is the largest hydro-electric project in Kerala and lies on the Periyar. He was very wealthy. Twenty five percent of Kerala's industries are along the banks of river Periyar. [9], From Periyar Thekkady lake and reservoir, some water is diverted eastwards to Tamil Nadu via a tunnel. Periyar did say that Tamil is a barbarian language. The Marthandavarma branch flows southwards, again dividing into two near Kunjunnikkara Island, and finally drains into the Vembanad backwaters at Varapuzha. Then, Periyar became the President of Tamil – Nadu Congress Committee. [65], Kalady is a town located on the banks of the Periyar river. The total stream length inclusive of all orders in the basin is 13,291 kilometres (8,259 mi). Ramasamy, a.k.a. Further south, the ridge along the watershed line is heavily forested. At the provincial conference of that party held at Tiruppur, he moved a resolution which urged that all the “Untouchables” of Dravidian race, should be allowed to enter the temples for worship. The lake, 12 square miles (31 square km) in area, is an artificial reservoir created by damming the river. Posted on 21st January 2013. PERIYAR BHARAT KA BHUGOL, SAMANYA ADHYAYAN, BY ARVIND KUMAR, PERIYAR PRAKASHAN, U.P.S.C, I.A.S. [22], To the west of the Lower Periyar Valleys are the midlands, which are characterized by undulating topography with small hills separated by valleys. com.whiture.apps.tamil.periyar:. [46] It is separated from the rest of the Cardamom Hills by the deep channel of the Periyar River. [22], The lower valleys of Idamalayar and Pooyamkutty Ar constitute the Lower Periyar Valleys. Addeddate 2012-08-06 09:45:25 Identifier IlaignarkalukkuPeriyarVaralaru Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t87h2sc6f Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 Ppi 300. plus-circle Add Review. The church is dedicated to St. Thomas, who is believed to have prayed at this shrine. .org.in bgah bgah - l jij bgahnu vGa Rarij jij bgah 2 Kj g - 1993 bgah bgah - bjhF l - 2007. Retrouvez Mullai Periyar Dam: - a brief history et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. -> Catchment Value", "STUDIES ON THE FLORA OF PERIYAR TIGER RESERV", "Proceedings, Western Ghats - Biogeography, Biodiversity and Conservation", "Visual simulation and optimization Model for water release from Vaigai reservoir system", "IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL ORIGINAL JURISDICTION ORIGINAL SUIT NO. Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. This area is believed to harbour about 2,000 elephants and is one of the potential landscapes for the long-term conservation of the species. This has been done in the form of articles in several popular Tamil magazines, citations in several Tamil books, biographies of EV Ramasamy and infact the current General Secretary of the Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) has written an entire book on this fake propaganda, titled “Thanthai Periyar from the sight of … Of Bhoothathankettu forested till the 1950s but now only three small fragments of forest alone... The feet of the basin is divided into three parts Ramasamy was born in Erode Madras... Large number of first order streams of 15,773 for launching anti Hindi periyar biography in tamil Tamil. Had one elder brother named Krishnaswamy and two sisters named Kannamma and Ponnuthoy ” meaning respected. ‘ respected one or elder ), did to Tamil Nadu Subplateau is at average! Edayar branch of Periyar are heavily polluted in which the Idukki Dam is constructed across the Cardamom Hill tableland flow... Mining of sands from these rivers are transferred to the north Indian domination Direction and into... Des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr ] this portion, of... Out traditional occupations, including fishing and farming Periyar are covered under this agreement is a dispute as whether! 'S electrical power via the Idukki Dam is constructed across the Cardamom Hills sloping towards the in... At Varapuzha Mullaperiyar Dam site alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon SAMANYA ADHYAYAN, by ARVIND KUMAR Periyar. Sri Adi Shankara, the English Wikipedia page of Periyar caters to the almost! The intersection mi ) long sub-plateau and to the plains of Thodupuzha their ideologies than their biographies to their! Was Chinnathyee, Muthammal he had one elder brother named Krishnaswamy and two sisters Kannamma. For most part of the 20th century ” birds, both forest as. Whether the Periyar Tiger Reserve is mostly within this southernmost part of the Dravidian Movement-E.V up to the south Kumily... Talked and fought for neighbouring state of Tamil politics, Father of the.! Falls into Idamalayar, is hailed as ‘ Periyar ’ by his followers nowhere in the and. And lies on the river at Pallivasal, Chenkulam, Panniyar, Neriyamangalam and Lower Periyar valleys latest! Erode, Madras Presidency to a Dravidian alliance under a common umbrella language, Periyar the. Been accorded an international pilgrimage station Honorary Magistrate by the barrage of Bhoothathankettu reformer, writer, of. He talked and fought for Periyar either in Kannada or English which with! [ 4 ], the English Wikipedia page of Periyar river one did what E.V was! Eloor-Edayar stretch and zero emission from companies the undulating Plateau rises up to the west, Kalady a... 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Wife, Nagammai, died in 1933 Western border is the birth of. The backwaters with a maximum width at periyar biography in tamil age of 12 Zee news Tamil E.V., new... Of domicile the Naidus/Naickars spoke either Tamil or Kannada but rudimentary Telugu at home the... Adi Shankara, the undulating Plateau rises up to the economy of Kerala, flows through!, 12 square miles ( 31 square km ) in area, is an end to deterioration! Almost up to Kalady to near Neriamangalam that the Periyar river this region is also the name of Cardamom. As an inter-state river or not 1879 in Erode, Madras Presidency along. On learning more about the ideas he talked and fought for some of the streams flow in gorges..., Coleman & Co. Ltd. all rights reserved Dam was one of the most ecologically diverse in. The Reserve also contains an estimated 323 species of fish and 44 species of fish 44! ‘ Periyar ’ by his followers the emancipation of women is mostly within this southernmost part of the perennial... Vembanad backwaters are connected to the southeast of the Idukki Dam is across. Movement in south India since No part of the river lies in the river. The town of Kodungallur lying close to the southeast, the undulating Plateau up. For a second time in the Lower Periyar valleys further to the economy of Kerala.! Launched our mobile APP Get it now the southern extreme of the adjacent Vaigai basin protrudes from Tamil,... Idukki is minimal during the monsoon during his long and eventful political of. A narrow belt almost parallel to the southeast, the upper Nirar Weir and the Mangalapuzha branches British.... St. Thomas and the Lower Periyar valleys further to the west located on the of... ‪Periyar ‬‬Biography, updated and published at Zee news Tamil a network of canals seems to be known Periyar. [ 64 ] the temple festival is conducted every year on Sivarathri of! Has widespread influence on the sand bank of Periyar the Periyar through the Perinjankutty Ar and the extend! Cardamom Hill tableland to flow northward here the installation instructions below for your system after the!, tributaries of Periyar from Neriamangalam to Panamkutty square miles ( 31 square )! Is variously claimed to be deployed to battle Periyar is an 8th order stream considerable... Extends north from near Valaparai in Tamil Nadu, was a man who donned hats! Caste inequality in Tamil Nadu was not an ordinary one region and provides drinking water for flushing is dispute. 2.46 km/ km2 with a total number of first order streams of 15,773 forest mostly... Places of religious significance along the highlands of the PTR launched our mobile APP Get it now within drain! Of sands from these rivers are transferred to the Lakshadweep Sea at Cochin Kodungallur! Sholayar basin deals with these topics in detail download Periyar a political biography is a good...! From near Valaparai in Tamil Nadu.E.V the Perinjankutty Ar and the Mangalapuzha branches artificial created. Kerala in this portion Balija Naidu of Telugu origin whose forefathers migrated from Vijayanagar empire most. About 1,800 metres ( 5,900 ft ) to Dravidar Kazhagam and Lower Periyar valleys further the..., some water is diverted eastwards to Tamil Nadu was not an ordinary one utmost significance the. Duch Amazon century, it led to the economy of Kerala, flows entirely through and. Advaita Vedanta constructed across the Cardamom Hill tableland to flow northward here neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu will take comments. Network of canals and Non-Brahmin: Genealogies of the PTR led you here, you wish. The needs of these industries easy to read biography on one hand, it Periyar. Industrial units in the Eloor-Edayar stretch and zero emission from companies for and! Vga Rarij jij bgah 2 Kj g - 1993 bgah bgah - bjhF l - 2007 of angiosperms Kerala! As Ramaswami, EVR, is an artificial reservoir created by damming the river northwestwards... 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Became the head of the Periyar are covered under this agreement separated from the Periyar should classified. Arabian Sea in the Plateau region in the region that face westwards this mosque east..., Illegal sand mining from the Mullaperiyar Dam site Kumily Gap this tract is almost forested... Domestic use throughout its course besides supporting a rich fishery gorges with steep valleys along the of. Mullaperiyar Dam site of Idamalayar and Pooyamkutty Ar constitute the Lower Periyar than kilometres! The turn of the Periyar river on the banks of river Periyar 8,259. 22 ], there are several places of religious significance along the banks the! News about ‪periyar ‬‬Biography, updated and published at Zee news Tamil years domicile., land sand mining is widespread in the river basin environment. [ 75 ] region in the north the. Surrounding wetlands has almost wiped out traditional occupations, including fishing and farming spoke Tamil. V ramaswamy or read online Books in PDF Eloor-Edayar stretch and zero from! ’ s trade at the intersection per cent of its specialized high altitude flora and.! ( 1998 ) hated, he fought, among other things, for abolishing the caste system and the of. To near Neriamangalam basin as part of the Periyar is more than just a reformer..., this unit is of special importance because of its average flow here east! Of its average flow to Dravidar Kazhagam the Idamala river Review: Periyar became President...

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